James Fanshawe Chairman UK MAS Regulatory Working Group UK
Commodore James Fanshawe was an anti-submarine warfare specialist in the Royal Navy, and commanded HMS Hurworth (a mine countermeasures vessel), Cleopatra (an ASW frigate) and Fearless (the amphibious flagship). Subsequently, he was the Commander UK Task Group followed by command of the Devonport Flotilla. He held several senior appointments ashore, including Director of Plans (J5) at the UK Permanent Joint Headquarters. Since transition he has established a commercial portfolio that currently includes chairmanship of MOST (Autonomous Vessels) and Marine One Stop Technologies. He was invited to form and chair the UK’s MAS Regulatory Working Group in 2014. This group has now released an Information Paper to IMO and is developing codes of conduct and practice for the safe operation of MAS.
Hans-Christoph Burmeister Head of department Fraunhofer CML Germany
Hans-Christoph leads the sea traffic and nautical solutions department at the Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML in Hamburg, Germany, which he joined in 2011. In addition to his activities in industrial research projects, Hans-Christoph coordinated the internationally known European MUNIN research project on unmanned vessels, as well as the autonomous navigation testbed development for DSME, where his main focus was on COLREG-compliant collision avoidance algorithms. Currently he is active in the German FernSAMS project, developing a remotely and autonomously controlled tug.
Jonathan Goulding Associate and mariner HFW UK
Jonathan is a solicitor and mariner in HFW's admiralty and crisis management team and a member of the firm's autonomous vessel group. He advises companies on the regulation of maritime autonomous surface ships and AUVs, and regularly writes and presents on legal issues arising from the use of autonomous vehicles. He also advises on litigation arising from marine and offshore casualties, with a particular focus on salvage/wreck removal, fires, total loss, and limitation and jurisdiction issues. Prior to becoming a solicitor, he served in the Royal Navy as an underwater and specialist navigation officer.
Prof. Carlos Jahn
Prof Carlos Jahn Head Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics Germany
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Carlos Jahn, born in 1966, is head of the Institute of Maritime Logistics at Hamburg University of Technology as well as of the Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services in Hamburg.
At the beginning of his professional career Carlos Jahn served as a sailor and later on as an officer in the German Navy. He studied mechanical engineering at the Helmut Schmidt University in Hamburg and economics at the University of Hagen. As a research assistant at the Fraunhofer IFF Carlos Jahn obtained a doctorate at the Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg.
Carlos Jahn held various management and staff functions in science and industry. In 2009, he accepted the offer of a full professorship at Hamburg University of Technology and was appointed head of the Institute of Maritime Logistics. The Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services was founded in 2010.
IMO MASS Scoping - Final Conclusions
Henrik Tunfors Chair IMO MASS Working Group Sweden
Presentation description will be anoounced shortly
Autonomy and shipping decarbonization
Stephen Brown Innovation manager Shell UK
The presentation will discuss how autonomy supports shipping decarbonization and plays a part in delivering the IMO 2050 ambition and the further ambition of zero-emissions vessels.
Navigating the right course for MASS adoption
Rosalind Blazejczyk Managing partner/naval architect Solis Marine UK
There are currently more than 1,000 autonomous vessels operating in international waters and about 53 different organizations contributing to various regulatory groups working to help MASS coexist with manned shipping. In the past six years, remote and unmanned vessels have successfully navigated tens of thousands of incident-free operative days. Next-gen MASS is no longer a purely academic exercise.
So how do we better communicate the safety and advantages of autonomous systems and grow trust among the skeptical big shipping industry? One solution is to use big data to develop a new industry-wide ecosystem where innovation can flourish.
Takeovers and Lessons-Learnt for Autonomous Shipping from the Automotive Sector
Andreas Kuhn CEO/CTO ANDATA Austria
Whilst autonomous shipping is ramping up and increasing efforts are invested in the domain, automated driving in the automotive domain reached the “Trough of Disillusionment” according to the Gartner hype cycle. What can the maritime industry learn from the automotive industry and which takeovers can be used to find some short cuts avoiding unnecessary fails? The presentation strives to compare the requirements from automotive and marine industry in the attempt to address synergies and challenges to overcome most effectively. Namely some new development paradigms must be introduced from the beginning to accomplish safety regulations.
The case for vessels operating autonomously
Antoon van Coillie Director Zulu Associates/Anglo Belgian Shipping Company Belgium
Autonomous shipping is driven by the need for sustainability. In this presentation Antoon van Coillie – who founded Zulu Associates, a platform to initiate, develop and invest in marine component of logistics chains – will explore the main areas of development pursued to achieve modal shift, such as autonomous inland barges and autonomous short sea shipping vessels, as well as alternative propulsion modes in order to achieve zero or near-zero emission propulsion in both cases.
Next Generation Shipping – A Concept in the Making
An-Magritt T. Ryste Director Next Generation Shipping Kongsberg Maritime Norway
The maritime industry is changing. Global trends and environmental focus impacts everything from ship design, manufacturing, operations to optimization over the entire logistical chain. Competition is stronger than ever, and the changes are complex. In Kongsberg, we see these as opportunities to develop our solutions for digital, remote and unmanned operations as well as within sustainable energy solutions, together with our expert partners. We believe in shaping the maritime future through innovation, collaboration and dedication. This is an evolution, not a revolution. Building on our strong product legacy, we are creating the solutions for next generation shipping.
The benefits in autonomous maritime transport
Jukka Merenluoto Senior ecosystem lead Dimecc Finland
Päivi Haikkola Senior ecosystem lead DIMECC / One Sea Finland
Drivers for the use of autonomous technologies in the maritime business are cost savings, increased safety and sustainability. The presentation will focus on introducing an example of the business case for increased automation, based on a study initiated by One Sea. The presentation will also discuss the global standardization efforts to further increase automation in maritime logistics chains.
Data, Connectivity and Cybersecurity
Cyber-Security and Maritime Autonomy
Jake Rigby Research & development lead BMT UK
Jacques-Antoine Portal Cyber consultant BMT UK
Maritime Autonomous Navigation is developing rapidly which raises unique security challenges. It requires a wide range of technologies, from very reliable positioning systems to fast machine learning algorithms. Cyber-Security must be at the centre of this technological innovation to ensure its viability. Thankfully, concepts borrowed from autonomous driving such as “Public Key Infrastructure” and “Cryptographic Agility” can be used to ensure the integrity of the surplus data required by ships to navigate autonomously. Furthermore, Cyber-Security elements from traditional IT systems such as “Trust Platform Modules” could be extended to secure the mix of complex software and hardware.
The elephant in the room: data standardization
Giampiero Soncini CEO IB - Influencing Business Cyprus
Digitization, a must for unmanned ships, cannot happen without setting different types of standards. It has taken 20 years to adopt a common standard for ECDIS; perhaps on MASS it could take less time if people start talking about the issues before it's too late.
Digital awareness is the future of navigation
Jacob Ruytenbeek CEO SailPlan USA
We are witnessing one of the most significant changes to navigation since people first set sail thousands of years ago: the shift away from reactive navigation through eyes and ears to proactive navigation through digital awareness. Autonomous ships must understand the context in which they operate. But to scale autonomous operations, they must also have awareness and an understanding of intent. But what does this mean and how do we achieve it? This talk will explain what digital awareness is and why it is fundamental to enabling safe, scalable autonomous ship operations.
Robustness, reliability and cybersecurity for autonomous ship systems
Dr Henry Robinson Managing director Dynautics Ltd UK
This presentation will consider cybersecurity in the broader context of robustness and reliability that is necessary for operating autonomous and unmanned ships of the future. The need for a high level of dual redundancy, all the way from the RCC to the machinery control units, coupled with a high degree of failsafe cross-connectivity, needs to be balanced against the costs of such systems, compared with the comparative simplicity that is possible using conventional manned platforms. The presentation will consider parallels in related industries (aviation and ground vehicles) and the threats posed not only by malicious cyberattacks but also by a wide range of potentially disruptive influences.
DiMOS – Digital Monitoring of Ships
Simon Edmondson Director CMServices Global Ltd UK
With the advent of autonomous and unmanned shipping the relevance of the DiMOS project is enhanced. The DiMOS project proposes a prescriptive maintenance digital platform for condition monitoring and maintenance planning of a ship’s structure, engine machinery and auxiliary system by real-time sensor data and AI-based models to prescribe maintenance based on monitored condition and taking into account risk level, maintenance timing and associated cost. The project is scheduled to last two years and will be carried out by bringing together the combined expertise of five partners who have specialist skills in the required areas of development. The UK government body Innovate UK understands the importance of this initiative and is providing approximately £2m of grant.
Maritime 5G and related work in Norway
Dr Kun Yang CEO Super Radio AS Norway
Autonomous shipping is considered to be one of the most important technologies in the maritime industry. Remote control of autonomous ships is supported by communication solutions featuring long coverage, high throughput and low latency. Since 2016, 'LTE, WIFI and 5G Massive MIMO Communications in Maritime Propagation Environments' (MAMIME), the world’s first maritime 5G communications project, has been funded by the Norwegian Research Council and led by Super Radio AS. This presentation will outline the MAMIME project and related maritime 5G research with autonomous ships.
The importance of data quality for autonomous ships
Igor Susmelj Co-founder WhatToLabel Switzerland
Improved data selection has enabled various companies to improve AI models for autonomous driving, drones and visual inspection using deep learning. This technical talk will explore how to select the most informative samples out of the millions available, and how this can lead to significant savings in data annotation costs while increasing accuracy.
Infrastructure for MASS
Exploring the implications of autonomous shipping for UK ports
Richard Ballantyne Chief executive The British Ports Association UK
This presentation will review the submissions to last year’s consultation exercise in which the British Ports Association invited evidence from a cross-section of maritime sector organizations in relation to issues related to ports and harbors moving forward into autonomous maritime operations.
Smart shipping and the role of the seaport
Jan Egbertsen Manager - innovation Port of Amsterdam Netherlands
What challenges are there for a port to be ready for smart and autonomous ships? This presentation offers some experiences from a port authority.
Digital infrastructure for smart waterways
Juraj Pavlica Founder Flumensys Netherlands
On the road toward unmanned and autonomous applications there is a lot of emphasis on onboard software and sensors. But what about the infrastructure side? How can we upgrade it and what services does it need to provide to solve communication, computation and common robotics problems while avoiding vendor lock-in? We have developed and patented an innovative solution that brings computation close to the water and provides a set of essential real-time services to the vessels, authorities and other stakeholders – all based on a live high-definition 3D map of the waterways while maintaining compatibility with legacy systems.
Highly maneuverable full-scale testing of a remotely controlled tug
Hans-Christoph Burmeister Head of department Fraunhofer CML Germany
The German FernSAMS project aims to develop a fully remotely controlled tug based on Voith-Schneider's RAVE Tug concept and an AR control environment. This presentation will give insights into the simulation trials held in November 2019 with regard to augmented reality acceptance; it will also provide examples of direct feedback from the first full-scale testing in spring 2020.
Port digital twin development use case for autonomous vessels
Dr Sewon Kim Assistant professor Sejong University Korea
To realize autonomous shipping, it is worth digitalizing and autonomizing the seaborne trade supply chain as well. The port is the hub component in the future maritime supply chain because its role is to connect sea and land autonomous transportation. Thus, it is valuable to explore how the port could be prepared for the autonomous maritime value chain. This presentation will discuss the essential components of the port digital twin for autonomous vessels. It will also introduce a real port digital twin development use case (Busan Port).
Next steps in evidence-driven evolution toward autonomous shipping
Kalevi Tervo Corporate executive engineer ABB Marine and Ports Finland
Continuing the successful introduction of products enabling evidence-based evolution toward autonomous shipping, ABB will present an analysis of overcoming regulatory challenges regarding the computerization of certain key roles at the bridge. In addition, the latest development results and case examples will be presented. These will include discussion on an autonomous tug project in a collaborative trinity with flag state and shipyard/operator, as well as applications to increase safety and efficiency in conventional ships, applying new technologies that will be required for autonomous ships.
When every minute matters on the quayside, autonomous mooring is the obvious choice.
While the well-known benefit of autonomous mooring has been environmental sustainability these solutions also drive increased profitability and best in class safety. This presentation will demonstrate how automated mooring is providing profitable options for maritime companies to act sustainably, improving the health and safety of their workforce and driving increased efficiencies. By acknowledging a a recent project for Norway’s largest grocery wholesaler it will conclude by suggesting automous mooring is the logical next step toward a net zero shipping industry.
Legal and liability
The role of counsel in building the business case for autonomy, with views from the United States
Sean Pribyl Senior counsel Holland & Knight LLP USA
Modernizing the maritime industry is a sea change that may offer more sustainable solutions related to economics, environmental impact and societal benefits. However, it brings a new set of legal challenges as innovation will affect regulatory and legal compliance, liabilities, design, operations, safety and security. This session will explore the business cases for introducing uncrewed, optionally manned or AI-enhanced system technologies into maritime commercial and military operations and why ‘experience matters’, including a discussion on the key legal and regulatory considerations in the maritime space. This session will also explore the role of counsel in emerging areas of regulatory oversight in the aftermath of the IMO Regulatory Scoping Exercise MSC 103 meetings and what this means for legal obligations going forward, with a focus on the emerging US markets.
Legal design in maritime technology deployment
Dr David Cowan Associate Lecturer in Law Maynooth University Ireland
This presentation will provide a legal outlook on the threats, opportunities and strategies in designing and deploying maritime technologies, focused on cybersecurity, blockchain and autonomous ships. The paper will look at the legal implications of the digital transformation of the shipping industry and whether this is a question of IT or governance. Other questions addressed will include: Does autonomous shipping create more vulnerability? What legal and compliance actions need to be taken before autonomous shipping becomes more commonplace? What are the other key areas to prioritize?
Regulatory development on MASS, as seen from a Flag State perspective
Erik Tvedt Special advisor, naval architect Danish Maritime Authority Denmark
The presentation will take stock of where we are on regulation for MASS at IMO, and look at where we are headed and what might be expected during the coming years. Additionally, the ‘DMA way’ of approving ships for MASS operations in Danish domestic waters will be presented.
Panel Discussion - Legal investigation of a 2024 collision between an autonomous and a conventional ship
The year is 2024. An unmanned cargo ship (Autonomy Level 3), fully laden with a cargo of agritech products, loses power as a result of a cyberattack shortly after leaving harbor. Control is unable to be regained and the vessel collides with an inbound handymax bulk carrier, causing significant damage to both vessels. This panel discussion will examine how such an incident will be investigated, legal and liability issues, and issues of cybersecurity and insurance.
Sean Pribyl Senior counsel Holland & Knight LLP USA
Andrew Higgs Independent legal risk management consultant and lawyer Setfords Solicitors, City of London UK
Moderator: Jonathan Goulding, associate and mariner, HFW
Autonomy for Shortsea and inland waterways
Smart, smarter… smartest? The Flemish Smart Shipping program
Flores Dewitte Supporting policy officer De Vlaamse Waterweg NV Belgium
The presentation will discuss the start of the smart shipping program, the results it has produced already and the ongoing projects (tests, infrastructure, regulations). It will conclude with some of the challenges that automated shipping will face in the future.
Autonomous testing in the Netherlands – what we learned from it
Nancy Scheijven Director - vessel traffic and water management Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management Netherlands
The Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management has made testing with smart ships possible on inland waterways as well as on territorial seas. Up to 2020, five official tests have been carried out. Furthermore, two roundtable conferences on the subject of legislation have taken place. We expect that in the forthcoming years, automation on large ships will mainly be used to help the present crew. That is why we decided to put our energy into drone-type vessels first. Our goal is to make the use of these unmanned free-floating vessels legally possible and to define criteria for the safe use of these water drones.
Hyke/Hydrolift Smart City Ferries – urban mobility rediscovered
Jason McFarlane CTO Hyke - Hydrolift Smart City Ferries Norway
Smart design for the smart city. A simplistic and uncomplicated exterior hide a vessel that is anything but simple: latest-generation zero-emission propulsion systems, intelligent dockside charging solutions and equipped for varying degrees of autonomous operations and smart city integration.
This presentation will introduce Hyke/Hydrolift Smart City Ferries as a future-proof platform for the mobility solutions of tomorrow, to solve the problems of congested roads and underutilized waterways.
Roboat – a fleet of autonomous boats for Amsterdam
Ynse Deinema Project coordinator - Roboat AMS Institute Netherlands
Roboat is a five-year research project and collaboration between the AMS Institute and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Together we investigate the potential of self-driving technology to change our cities and their waterways. Roboat demonstrates a new kind of on-demand waterborne infrastructure: autonomous platforms will join together to form floating bridges and stages, collect waste, deliver goods and transport people, all while collecting data about the city. In 2020 we will start experimenting with our full-scale prototype on the canals of Amsterdam.
Autonomy in defense applications
Autonomous naval seaboats and the challenges of warship integration
Mike Woods Chief technologist BAE Systems Maritime Services UK
The speaker will provide an overview of the BAE Systems Pacific class unmanned surface vessel program, with particular focus on the challenges of warship integration and how the company intends to transition USV technology from research and development to meaningful operational capability. Examples will be drawn from a number of naval sea trials undertaken throughout 2019, including a live firing exercise and a warship integration activity undertaken on Royal Navy frigate HMS Argyll.
From research to operational capability: a maritime autonomy success story
Ralph Dodds Programme lead for innovation and autonomous systems research Atlas Elektronik UK Ltd UK
Unmanned surface vessels have progressed a long way in the past 20 years, and now offer a credible alternative to manned vessels in the delivery of operational capability. This presentation will show how low-TRL research, to meet a Gulf War 2 urgent operational requirement, developed into day-to-day reality for Royal Navy mine countermeasures. It will outline the progression of sense-and-avoid technologies, situational awareness and adherence to the Collision Regulations to provide operators with the confidence and capability they need.
Collision avoidance 09:00 - 10:50
Autonomous navigation using next-generation (IHO S100) marine data fusion
Philip Thompson Director BMT UK
In winning the inaugural UK Hydrographic Office International Marine Challenge, BMT created an innovative autonomous navigation simulation system and demonstrated its use synthetically for a 150m autonomous passenger ferry navigating in Plymouth, UK. The new system combines BMT’s field-proven Rembrandt and Tuflow 3D navigation and hydraulic simulation technologies with ultra-high-granularity (spatial and temporal) data feeds in line with the next-generation IHO S-100 data standards for bathymetry, tidal stream, tidal height and current, and other environmental data such as AIS and ship routing data. This paper describes the approach taken and demonstrates the specific applications for large ships.
The path toward autonomy in offshore operations: collision prevention tool
Alexander Mordvintsev Product development manager Navis Engineering Oy Finland
Ilia Maslov DP superintendent Bourbon Offshore France
Operations of dynamically positioned vessels in safety zones of offshore installations are among the most demanding marine activities. A variety of rules, guidelines and dependence on environmental forces keeps DP operators continuously stressed and leaves chances for human errors. A joint development project of Bourbon and Navis is intended to provide decision support for DP operators. It also aims to prepare the basics for unmanned operation of offshore supply vessels by optimal installation approach/escape routes, automated vessel capability, integrity checks (based on operation activity planning) and other methods. One of the most important features is a plan to collect vessels' big data.
How can we trust autonomous vessels in congested water spaces?
Hannah Thomas Data science lead L3Harris UK
Little more than five years ago, ‘autonomy’ meant remote-control or a simple plotted route. Skip to today: autonomy refers to a vessel’s ability to understand and react to its surrounding environment in a COLREG-aware manner. L3Harris’s Autonomous Surface Vehicle (ASV) team is developing a suite of autonomous capabilities to enable different mission types in various operational environments. This presentation will uncover the ‘autonomy toolbox’ required for safe and reliable autonomous navigation, including object identification, collision avoidance and precise line following.
Assessment of MAS impact on safety using historical data
Gordon Meadow Chair IMarEST MASS SIG/Founder & CEO SeaBot XR UK
John Cross Professor of marine engineering Marine Institute of Memorial University Canada
The development of MAS could hold great promise for improvements in shipping safety. Apart from demonstration projects, MAS has yet to move into full-scale commercial operation, therefore little data or formal safety cases currently exist. Opportunely, there is however a large bank of available information on previous shipping accidents and incidents. This presentation will share the findings of a research project benchmarking the root causes of several historical shipping incidents and the quantitative impact of greater functional autonomy. We will explore safety improvements as well as where the introduction of greater automation could introduce new dangers.
Maintaining the unmanned ship
Stig Eriksen Researcher University of Southern Denmark Denmark
Unmanned operation may reduce the overall workload required to operate autonomous and unmanned ships but it does not eliminate it altogether. Some tasks, such as maintenance, cannot reasonably be automated or eliminated with today’s technology. With research from today’s modern cargo vessels as a reference, this presentation investigates how much of the work done on board today can be done remotely, how much can be automated and how much must be done on board the autonomous and unmanned ships of the future.
Officer 4.0: a new training paradigm
Sandro Stefani Lecturer Fondazione Accademia Italiana della Marina Mercantile Italy
Digitization has substantially changed the design and operation of vessels by their crew. Officers are taking on more challenging responsibilities and thus require a new training model. The training model developed by the Italian Maritime Academy is the result of teamwork by representatives from different disciplines, including experts in the impact of emerging technologies from the human factor point of view. Topics such as the ability to work as a team, leadership, decision making, problem solving and situational awareness have been added to the educational program as part of 'soft skills' development for cadets. The paper will discuss the results.
Please note: this conference program may be subject to change